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Goodevenig everyone,
 I agree that each of us should get informed about the huge number of gene therapy applications: in fact, medicine is only one of them. This research can actually be applied also in many fields like agriculture, food industry (as we can read in the previous post by Brina), pharmaceutical sciences and many others. With this post I'd like to focus your attention on the one linked with pharmacutical industries. So, in case you are interesting in this topic, I advise you to have a look to the following links.



Ask me and the other veterans whatever you need
Diagnosis and gene therapy / Application of gene therapy in the food industry
« Last post by VET-SL-Brina on 17 August , 2019, 11:48:32 am »
Hey everyone,

You probably didn't focus on that in your papers, but it is interesting and good to know at least something about it as it is important for the development of gene therapy for human diseases  - application of gene therapy in the food industry.
It allows scientists to edit multiple targets simultaneously, which allows what is known as “trait stacking” and manipulation of complex gene networks related to things like drought tolerance. Also, the plant can be programmed to produce double the number of branches and as a result, twice of fruit, or we can produce reduced-gluten wheat that could be tolerated by those with sensitivities.

I found some articles that you can take a look at:

Do not hesitate to share your opinion on this topic.  :)

Best regards,
Brina from Slovenia
Search for extraterrestrial resources / Re: Solar Wind
« Last post by VET-A-Matthias on 16 August , 2019, 22:23:36 pm »
Hi guys, it's Matthias from Austria.

First of all: this might get a really interesting debate, as solar wind certainly is a big issue that needs a lot of thought being spent on it. However, perhaps try not to drift away from it too far. The fact that it might also simplify the development of fusion reactors is cool, but the science behind it is perhaps a little too much information, as this is not really related to the topic. But: hats off to you for researching all this, ma'am, you made me feel so smart while reading it.

(This is where the motivational part begins, so for those who don't feel like reading it, just don't.)

Look, we know.

We know it's difficult to write these posts, we've been in the same position as you are right now. We know that every time you're researching for a post, you're asking yourself whether this is a relevant question, whether everybody knows the answer already and, frankly, whether you should start a conversation about it. Let me answer it for you: You definitely should. Every question you ask is worth being asked and debated. You might realize that your approach hasn't been the best. You might realize that any other person in the blog has read an entirely different article and found a chunk of information you haven't read yet. But this is the entire point of this blog. It doesn't exist for us veterans to throw out a motivational post every now and then. It exists to make your life easier. It exists for you to share information, educate others with arguments and facts you found AND learn about arguments and facts your companions have found. Please try to keep that in mind when you are thinking about writing another post.

As some of you have now made it to the end of this super cheesy post, here's the link to a YouTube video showing a tiny hamster eating a tiny burrito, which is pretty much the cutest thing ever. Because at this point, you've freaking earned it.


All the best and good night!
Electric mobility / Re: Batteries
« Last post by VET-A-Matthias on 16 August , 2019, 22:05:47 pm »
Hey guys, it's Matthias from Austria once again.

With the debates that have been going on about this topic for a couple of days now, I want to point out you're doing an absolutely amazing job. It's great to see you throw around arguments I don't even understand like it's as simple to understand as putting on ones shoes.

Please, please, please keep going like this, you're papers must be a read like a Christopher Nolan movie, making you feel super smart while watching it.

All the best and good night,
Nanotechnology for energy and environmental challenges / We are here to help!
« Last post by VET-ES-Maria on 16 August , 2019, 19:09:27 pm »
Hello everyone,

First of all, I would like to congratulate all of you for your work. You are doing very well. However, I would like to encourage you to participate more. The forum is a very useful tool that enables participants to share information and thoughts related to the main topic (Nanotechnology for energy and environmental challenges in this case). It is a requirement, as well as the papers you are writing, to participate in the International Congress held in Bremen. I know it is sometimes hard and challenging to write a post, specially if you are shy. Nevertheless, you have to remember that by sharing information you are helping other participants and you are already participating in this program.

In case you have any doubt, please remember you can text me or any of the veterans for help. We are here to guide you and help you throughout the process of writing your papers. You can post your questions in the forum too and I am pretty sure that the answer will be useful to other participants.

Keep on working and participating! Remember how important this tool is.

Best regards,
Maria Vaquero, Spain
Diagnosis and gene therapy / Re: *very original subject title*
« Last post by VET-ES-Maria on 16 August , 2019, 18:56:38 pm »
Hello everyone,

As Brian has stated, you are all doing a great job!! I am pretty sure your papers are very detailed, interesting and complete. However, you have to keep on participating and posting information, thoughts, etc. here. It is really important and it is, as well as the paper, a requirement in order to be selected in the International Congress held in Bremen.

I know it is sometimes hard to start sharing things and you might feel your posts are not enough. Nevertheless, you have to understand that science is about sharing and this forum is great tool to start doing so.

In case you have any doubt, please, text me or any of the veterans. We are here to help you.

Once again, I encourage you to keep on working and participating. The forum is a great source of information you might need throughout the process of writing your papers. Use it please!!

Good luck to everyone!! Keep on doing your best  :D

María Vaquero, Spain
Electric mobility / Re: Batteries
« Last post by PART-2-ES-Eider on 16 August , 2019, 13:17:39 pm »
Hello Pablo,

I'm going to give my opinion about the issue you have talked about.

I don't see battery degradation as a huge disadvantage, because as you have said, the degradation process is very slow and for you to realize that you have lost storage capacity and range, several years have to pass.

As batteries are the most expensive part of the vehicle, many people are indeed worried about battery degradation.
Battery degradation depends on many things, environmental and load conditions for the batteries during use, are some examples.

To prolong batteries' life expectancy, BMS (battery management system) is the key. The objective of BMS is to protect the battery, prolong its life expectancy and to maintain it in good conditions to function.
As battery management system is another very extensive topic to talk about, I leave a link in case you are interested in knowing more: https://www.mpoweruk.com/bms.htm

To finish my post with, I would like to say that batteries are progressing a lot and from my point of view, in several years, the problem of battery degradation will be almost solved. Precisely, today I've read a piece of news which talked about a company named XNRGI that is developing a new technology for the manufacture of lithium batteries, called X-PowerChip, which is capable of creating millions of microbatteries printed on silicon panels of 20x20 microns. This technology will increase energy density and durability, and will also reduce manufacturing costs. If you want to know more, visit this website: https://xnrgi.com/

I hope this information was useful.  :)

Have a nice day,
Eider Del Hoyo (Spain)
Hello Laia,

First of all, I wanted to thank your contributions to the blog as they would probably seem really interesting to your fellows. I would also like to motivate the rest of participants to take part in this platform as you would find it really useful for writing your essay and increase your knowledge of nanotechnology in ordert to have a better participation in Bremen's Congress.

Moreover, I would like to bring up some new topics related with NBIC technologies that may be useful for your research:
  • As Laia has already said, NBIC convergence would affect not be just a scientific revolution but also entail a revolution in other sectors. How can NBIC convergence affect our economy? Which main consecuences would come up with this new revolution? It is really important to consider in your scientific research other knowledge fields such as economy or ethics in order to ellaborate a more complex and rigorous work.
  • I would like to hear of more examples of NBIC research and technologies. Even though Laia's example were fascinating, I would like to know of other examples specially related with our research topic: energy and enviroment.

I am really interested on hearing your answers!
Javier Herrero, Veteran.
Hello again

Investigating a little more I have found that the NBIC convergence has achieved to invent the first agronomic robot.

Instead of the human brain which has 89,000 million neurons, it has a very similar one formed by interconnected neurosynaptic nanochips.

This robot receives information instantly from a low-cost nanosatile network and nanosensors distributed in the field that can provide information on the characteristics and conditions of the soil, humidity, basic nutrients, organic substances, how’s the growth is going and if the crop is okey, etc. .

If it’s necessary, it can introduce nanospheres and nanocapsules containing fertilizers, herbicides and even genetic material in the given area and in the right amount to edit genes.

It works the 24 hours using solar panels made with nanocrystals capable of feeding daylight with visible light and at night with infrared radiation flowing from the earth and reflected in the clouds.

I think its is a very peculiar robot and that without the support of all the different sciences it wouldn't have imagined. Although I don't think it's very economical, it caught my attention and I thought it was interesting to share this information with you.

Here I leave a video that I found. It is not the robot that I mentioned, but it is a simpler one and it’s more likely that, in my opinion, we can see in some years.


My best regards,
Hello everyone  :)  This is Laia

NBIC is the combination of Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information technologies and new technologies based on Cognitive sciences. This convergence is a development key element in the medium and long term future.

Not only it's a revolution in the world of research, but also in the entire world; it can affect our way of thinking and even understanding the world. Never before four 'different' sciences have came together with a simple purpose, to advance and improve our planet.

For example, in a region lacking of resources, a research group has used "basins" to grow microalgae without genetic modifications to obtain the necessary oil for the production of biodiesel. The carbon dioxide used in the growth of microalgae is separated from methane, both gases are present on the one produced in a biogas generator loaded with food waste and animal feces.
In this process gas-electricity, biodiesel, and fertilizer of the nitrogen waste from the generator are obtained.

From the residual membrane of the microalgae, carbon black is obtained. And if it’s mixed with substances with a ”manageable" ignition point and under appropriate conditions, produces carbon nanotubes (its current price ranges between 50 and 200 dollars per gram).

To sum up, it’s achieved to get biogas from garbage to produce electricity, fertilizer, carbon dioxide to feed the microalgae, oil from the microalgae to produce biodiesel and carbon nanotubes from the residual membranes after extracting the oil. All in poor areas and generating work.

This is the technology we need now. Again, the NBIC convergence is the development key element.

Have a nice holiday.
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